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Glossary


training and resources

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Glossary


training and resources

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Helpful Terms

Adverse Childhood Experiences- traumatic experiences that affect the integrity of the child or someone close to them. Those experiences include sexual or physical violence, drug abuse or misuse, and incarceration, among others.

Disproportionate Discipline- Disproportionate discipline occurs when one group of students (e.g. Black students) is subjected to disciplinary consequences more or less often than other groups.

Exclusionary Discipline- Disciplinary consequences that exclude students from the classroom and cause them to miss instructional time.

Equality- Providing every student with the same thing.

Equity- Providing every student with what they need to succeed.

School-to-prison pipeline- a system in which children are funneled out of public schools and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Many of these children have learning disabilities or histories of poverty, abuse, or neglect, and would benefit from additional educational and counseling services. Instead, they are isolated, punished, and pushed out.

Trauma- A deeply distressing or disturbing experience.

Trauma informed care- an approach that treats the whole person, taking into account past trauma and the resulting coping mechanisms, when attempting to understand behaviors while also recognizing that trauma is experienced differently based on the child’s culture.

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Stats


Statistics

Stats


Statistics

  • Nationally, Black, Latino, and American Indian students are 4x more likely to be suspended and expelled than their white counterparts.

  • In Portland public schools, Black students represent 9% of the student body, but comprise 32% of all expulsions, 29% of in school suspensions, and 27% of out of school suspensions. (Portland Public Schools)

  • Black/African Americans have higher than average rates of absenteeism in Elementary school, near average in middle school, then much higher that average in high school. (Oregon Department of Education)

  • Eligible for Free and Reduced Lunch rates: 75% Black vs 41% Whites (Eliminating poverty before a student enters school is one of the best ways to improve graduation rates).

  • During the 2015-2016 school year 91.7% of teachers were White, while Whites made up 64.7% of the students. Black teachers made up 0.6% of all teachers while Black students made up 2.5% of all students.

  • Expulsion rate per 10,000 students: 63% Black, In School Suspension 7%, Out-of-School Suspension 12%

  • Third-graders of color lag behind their White classmates: Percentage of third-graders meeting or exceeding third-grade reading standards: 22% Black compared to 71% White students. (Oregon Department of Education)